Frequently Asked Questions
Where do the Market Roads originate from?
Where did the Bend Logo come from?
Why is the Old Mill called the Old Mill?
Where was the Pilot Butte Inn?
What was the Deschutes River Railroad War?
The Deschutes River Railroad War refers to the historical competition to build the first operational railroad connecting the vast resources of Central Oregon to the prominent railroad lines of the Columbia River Valley. James Hill’s Oregon Trunk Railway and E.H. Harriman’s Des Chutes Railroad were fiercely competitive, which carried over to the thousands of men in their employment. From the time construction began in The Dalles, Oregon (1909), each of the two camps worked to sabotage the efforts of the other. The war involved land grabs, right of way refusals, intimidation, vandalism, arson and murder. Neither side of the Deschutes River was safe as each railroad company raced to be the first to reach Bend, Oregon.
Following the death of E.H. Harriman, and seeing the futility of the competition between the two companies, Hill and the new head of Des Chutes Railroad signed an agreement for joint use of portions of the track, bringing the fighting to an end. Finally, on October 5, 1911, James Hill drove in the ceremonial golden spike at the Bend rail depot, signifying the completion of the Oregon Trunk Railway line. Both rail companies would operate service into and out of the Central Oregon area for years to come.
Are there such things as Lava Bears?
Did Amelia Earhart ever live in Central Oregon?
No. She does however have a connection with the area. In 1931, Amelia married her publicist, George Palmer Putnam, of Putnam & Sons Publishing. Putnam had been a prominent community member of the Central Oregon town of Bend. Arriving in the small town in 1909 he quickly became the editor and publisher of the local newspaper, the Bend Bulletin, he was an original member of the Bend Emblem Club, and served as the town’s youngest mayor in 1912. During the same year the Oregon Trunk Line arrived in Bend, Putnam, now a newlywed, introduced his first wife, Dorothy Binney (of Binney & Smith Crayola Crayons), to his western home. It wasn’t until 1919, with the death of George’s father, that George moved his family to New York, selling his interests in the Bend Bulletin and his home, to take over the family publishing company. In 1929 he divorced Dorothy upon her request, and two years later he married Amelia Earhart.